外贸知识

欧洲国家驾驶礼仪

【瑞士】DrivingEtiquette驾驶礼节

It’seasytomakearealmessofdrivingupanddownmountainsinSwitzerland.First,givewaytoanythinggoingup.Second,alwaysgivewaytoaPostBus-whetherit’sgoingupordown.Third,ifyoumeetatrainontheroad,followit(ifit’sgoingthesamewayasyou)orgoroundit(ifit’scomingtowardsyouonyoursideoftheroad).Speedingfinesnecessitatetakingoutasecondmortgagesobegood.

【西班牙】DrivingEtiquette驾驶礼节

Weardarkglassesandifyou’regoingtobeindecisive,bedeterminedlysoanddoitwithstyle-withSpanishdriving,thescentofuncooltouristislikethescentoffearanddecaytoravenoushyenas.Barcelonaisactuallynottoobadatalloutofrushhourwithitsstraight,wideboulevards.Everywhereelseis.
【葡萄牙】DrivingEtiquette驾驶礼节

Beafraid,beveryafraid.Andparanoid.It’stheonlywaytodriveandsurviveinPortugal.Theumpteenthtimeyouareunceremoniouslydumpedontothehardshoulderbyanoncomingarticulatedlorryinyourlaneyouwillprobablythinkthatthey’reouttogetyou.You’reprobablyright.Itseemsthatthewholecountryareengagedinsomehugedementedgameofchickenwhichunsuspectingtouristshavethemisfortuneofbeingperiodicallycaughtupin.Theonlywaytoretainanysanityistostandyourground…andhopeforthebest.

【挪威】DrivingEtiquette驾驶礼节

TheNorwegiandriverlikestothinktheyareaskilleddriver.Thisisfarfromthetruth.Broadly,thereareonlytwokindsofNorwegiandrivers:thosewhoaremakingamobilephonecallandthosewhoarewaitingforone.

WhiledrivinginNorway,you’llseealotofroadworks.Nothingisbeingrepaired,morethanlikelytheNorwegiansareconstructingtwooftheirfavouritethings-holesandtunnels.InmoredenselypopulatedareaslikeOslo,theroadworksneverstop.Thisisofcoursecommoninallcities,butOsloisuniqueinthefacttheholesinthegroundarepassedonfromgenrationtogeneration.ThisspoilsmostoftheinnercityofOsloandit’sadvisabletoupgradeyoursuspensionbeforeattemptingtodrivethroughthecity.

NotallofNorway’smotormayhemisman-made.MotherNaturehasplacedafewspannersintheworks.Forexample,donotattempttodriveonthedayofthefirstsnow,it’scarnage.

Sheepandreindeerareomnipresent.Youcanalwaysfindthemwherethehotairexitsfromthemouthofthe,largelyunfinished,tunnels.They’reintheshadows,waitingforususpectingforeigndrivers.Trynottorunthemover,theycostanawfullotofmoneyandyou’llbescrapingwoolfromyourbumperforweeks.Whileyou’reatit,trynottodriveintoanyelks,they’reawfullybigandthey’llcostyouyourlife.

【意大利】DrivingEtiquette驾驶礼仪

Italiansarethemostskilfuldriversintheworld,butinaccordancewithclassictheoriesaboutrisk-assessment,theybecomeoverconfidentasaresult.ThisiswhyallItalians,eventhosewithlargefamilies,driveverysmallFiats.Italsoexplainswhytheyareallcoveredindents(thecars,thatis,ratherthantheItalians).Italyhastwobasicdrivingstyles:oneforthetownsandoneforthemountains.

Intowns,whenyoucometoajunctionyoupointyourcarattheexityouwant.Foursecondsbeforethelightsgogreen,youpresstheacceleratortothefloor,thenweavebetweenanycarswhichgetinyourwayuntilyouemerge.

Inthemountains,usethemiddleoftheroadatalltimes(evenwhensomeone’scomingtheotherway),withoneimportantexception:whenyouhearadeephornfromroundahairpinbend,brake.Itisprobablyamarblelorrycoming,andtheyjustdon’tgetoutoftheway.Theydon’thaveto.

【爱尔兰】DrivingEtiquette驾驶礼节

Itwouldappearthatovertakingisamanoeuvretobeattemptedateveryopportunity:onabend,onahill,whenthecaryou’reovertakingisovertakinganothercar,intooncomingtraffic,andalongnarrowone-waystreets.Itwouldalsoappearthatitiscompulsorytodriveasfastaspossiblewhilstattemptingthese,oranyothermanoeuvres.Unfortunately,manyoftheroadsarenotonlynarrowbutbadlysurfaced,andfullofdriversthatnevertookatest.Thiswasduetoamassivewaitinglistinthelate1970scausingthegovernmenttoissueafulllicencetoanyonethataskedforone.

ItseemstheonlyreallyimportantthingtorememberwhendrivingaroundIrelandisthesubtleformofgreetingthatisalsocommoninruralareasoftheUK(particularlyintheMidlands).Whenonecomesacrossafarmertravellingintheotherdirectiononfoottheywill,outofpoliteness,raisetheirindexfingerbywayofgreeting.Thedrivershouldrespondbyraisingtheindexfingeroftheirrighthandwhilstkeepingtheentirehandonthesteeringwheel.

Itiscommonforregulardriverswhoknowmanypeopleincertainlocalareastosavetime,anddrivewiththeirindexfingerpermanentlypressedtothewindscreeninacontinuousgreetingmode.

【德国】DrivingEtiquette驾驶礼节

OnGermanmotorwaysthereisnogeneralspeedlimitforcars.Forlorriesandanyothervehiclesexceedingaweightof3.5tons,thereis.Thiscreatesaprobleminthatit’forces’everydrivertoleavetherightlanefortheuseoftrucksonly-disregardingthesimplefactthatthelawrequiresyoutodriveontherightlanewhenyou’renotovertaking.

Theleftlane,ontheotherhand,isstrictlyreservedfortwokindsofpeople:

DriversofMercedes,BMWs(preferablydarkcoloured).Whenyou’redrivingareallyfastcarwhichhappenstobeanotherbrandyoucanjustaboutgetawaywithusingthislaneifit’sdarkblue.Ifit’swhite,forgetit.
Nice,balanced,wellmeaningdriverswhowanttointroduceaspeedlimit(ofabout100-120km/h)orsimplydetestspeeding.Theyusuallyindicaterightwhentheyseesomebodyapproachingfastintherearviewmirror-andswitchtheindicatoroffwhentheothercarisnearlyontheirtrunk(withoutchanginglanes,naturally).Ofcourse,thisisdonepurelyasaneducationalmeasure.Incidentally,theyneverdare’educating’whentheapproachingcarisadarkMercedesorBMW.
Therealtroublestartswhenthereareonlytwolanes,whichusuallyleadstofrenetichonking,repeatedheadlight-flashingandindicatingontheleftlane,whiletherightlaneliesdesertedapartfromtheoddlonelylorryeverynowandthen.

Whenyoutrytoovertakesomebodyontherightlane,becarefulnottoexceedtheirspeedbymorethan5mph.Wheninatrafficjam,alwayschangetothelanewhichgoesfastest.Everyinchcounts,andit’snotyourfaultthateverybodytriestodothesame.Whenthere’snomovementonanylane,usethehardshoulder,that’swhatit’stherefor(apartfromundertaking).

【法国】DrivingEtiquette驾驶礼节

’Frenchdrivingetiquette’issomethingofanoxymoron.Onthesurface,theFrenchhavesomegoodideas.Forinstance,youcangothrougharedlightifthewayisclear,whichstopsalotoffrustrationfromsittingatanemptyjunctionfornoreason.However,mostFrenchdriverstendtoamendthislawintheirheadsto’youcangothroughredlightswheneveryoulike,includingwhenpedestriansarecrossingtheroadhavingbeenbeckonedbyalittlegreenman’.

Also,ontheAutoroutesthespeedlimitsaresensiblysetattwodifferentspeedsforwetanddryconditions.Topspeedis130km/h(about85mph).Again,driversrefusetoacceptthatitiseverraining,evenwhenitis,andsticktothemaximumlimitatalltimes.Driversrarely(read:never)indicateastheyswaplanes,andaggressivelycutbackinwhentheyhaveovertaken.

Thank-yous,viaflashingheadlightsorwaving,arerare.Savethemforvisuallyalertingotherdrivershowannoyedyouarewiththem.Addvigour.

[外贸知识网图文来源于网络,如有侵权,请联系删除]