外贸知识

运 输 单 据 的 种 类

□海运提单(OceanBillofLading)

提单是承运人或其代理人收到货物后,签发给托运人的一种单证。提单是承运人或其代理人签发的货物收据,是货物所有权的凭证,是运输契约或其证明。
样本

SHIPPER/EXPORTER(COMPLETENAMEANDADDRESS)

BOOKINGNO.(DOCUMENTNO.)EXPORTDEC. EXPORTREFERENCES

CONSIGNEE(COMPLETENAMEANDADDRESS/NONNEGOTIABLEUNLESSCONSIGNEDTOORDER)

FORWARDINGAGENTREFERENCES(COMPLETENAMEANDADDRESS)

NOTIFYPARTY(COMPLETEMAILINGADDRESS)


POINTANDCOUNTRYOFORIGIN


ALSONOTIFY(NAMEANDFULLADDRESS)/DOMESTICROUTING

PIERORPLACEOFRECEIPT*

PRE-CARRIAGEBY*

VESSEL/VOY(FLAG)

PORTOFLOADING

TYPEOFMOVE

CONTAINERIZED(Vesselonly)

YesNo

PORTOFDISCHARGE

PLACEOFDELIBERY(BYONCARRIER)*

FINALDESTINATION(FORTHEMERCHANT’SREFERENCEONLY)

PARTICULARSFURNISHEDBYSHIPPER

CONTAINERNO.SEALNO:
MARKS&NOS. NOOFPKGS
ORCONTAINERS HM
.. KINDOFPACKAGS:DESCRIPTIONOFGOODS TOTALGROSSWEIGHTKGS(POUNDS) TOTALMEASUREMENTCBM(CFT)

OptionalDeclaredValueforincreasedfreightchargestoavoidPackageLimitation:US$___

TOTALNO.OFPACKAGESORCOMTAINERS(INWORDS)

FREIGHTANDCHARGES RATEDAS RATE PER PREPAID COLLECT DATE
BY_______ PLACEOFB(S)/LISSUE

NO.OFORIGINALB(S)/LSIGNED

DATEOFB(S)/LISSUE

T
O
T
A
L BILLOFLADINGNO.

□海运单(SeaWaybill)

海运单的形式与作用同海运提单相似,其主要特点在于收货人已明确指定。收货人并不需要提交正本单据,而仅需证明自己是海运单载明的收货人即可提取货物。因此,海运单实质上是不可以转让的,它的应用范围比较窄,主要用于跨国公司成员之间的货物运输。

□铁路运单(RailwayBill)

由铁路运输承运人签发的货运单据。它是收、发货人同铁路之间的运输契约。其正本在签发后与货物同行,副本签发给托运人用于贸易双方结算货款。在货物发生损失时,还可以用于向铁路进行索赔。
*铁路运单不是物权凭证。

□空运单(AirWaybill)

由空运承运人或其代理人签发的货运单据。它是承运人收到货物的收据,也是托运人同承运人之间的运输契约,但不具有物权凭证的性质,因此空运单也是不可以转让的。

Shipper’snameandaddress
MATSUDATELEVISIONSYSTEMSCO.
LOT5,PRESIANTENKUAPUAN
SITE400SHAALAM
SELANGDEMALAYSIA NOTNEGOTIABLE
AirWaybill
Issuedby beijingkinteworldexpressco.,ltd.

Consignee’snameandaddress
MATSUDAQINGDAOCO.,LTD.
NO.128WUHANROAD
QINGDAO
CHINA Itisagreedthatthegoodsdescribedhereinareacceptedinapparentgoodorderandcondition(exceptasnoted)forcarriageSUBJECTTOTHECONDITIONSOFCONTRACTONTHEREVERSEHEREOF,ALLGOODSMAYBECARRIEDBYANYOTHERMEANS.INCLUDINGROADORANYOTHERCARRIERUNLESSSPECIFICCONTRARYINSTRUCTIONSAREGIVENHEREONBYTHESHIPPER.THESHIPPER’SATTENTIONISDRAWNTOTHENOTICECONCERNINGCARIER’SLIMITATIONOFLIABILITY.
Shippermayincreasesuchlimitationofliabilitybydeclaringahighervalueofcarriageandpayingasupplementalchargeifrequired. IssuingCarrier’sAgentNameandCity beijingkinteworldexpressco.,ltd.

AgentsIATACode
AccountNo.

AirportofDeparture(Add.ofFirstCarrier)andRequestedRouting
K.LUMPUR,MALAYSIA AccountingInformation FREIGHTCOLLECT

to
QAO Byfirstcarrier
KE to by to by Currency
USD DeclaredValueforCarriage
NVD DeclaredValueforCustoms
NVD AirportofDestination
QINGDAO,CHINA Flight/Date
KE855/17JUN AmountofInsurance INSURANCE-IfcarrieroffersinsuranceandsuchinsuranceisrequestedinaccordancewiththeconditionsthereofindicateamounttobeinsuredinfiguresinboxmarkedAmountofInsurance HandlingInformation

NOTIFYPARTY-SAMEASCONSIGNEE

No.ofPieces GrossWeight RateClass Chargeable
Weight Rate/Charge Total NatureandQuantityofGoods 52

510.00 211 ASARRANGED TV-PARTS

12.638M3

PrepaidWeightchargeCollect
ASARRANGED OtherCharges ValuationCharge Tax TotalOtherChargesDueAgent Shippercertifiesthattheparticularsonthefacehereofarecorrectandthatinsofarasanypartoftheconsignmentcontainsdangerousgoods,suchpartisproperlydescribedbynameandisinproperconditionforcarriagebyairaccordingtotheapplicableDangerousGoodsRegulations. ________________________________
SignatureofShipperorhisagent

TotalOtherChargesDueCarrier

TotalPrepaid TotalCollect
ASARRANGED JUN.10,1999QINGDAOKEWQAO

Executedon____at_____Signatureofissuing
CarrierorasAgent

CurrencyConversionRates CCChargesindes.Currency ForCarrier’sUseOnlyatDestination ChargesatDestination TotalCollectCharges

AIRWAYBILLNUMBER
KEW-51000788

□装船通知(ShippingAdvice)

货物离开起运地后,由出口商发送给进口商通知后者一定数量的货物已经起运的通知文件。在FOB或CFR条件下,进口商需要根据装船通知来为进口货物办理保险,因此一般要求出口商在货物离开起运地后两个工作日内向进口商发出装船通知。


Contractno. :CH/99/66.809 L/Cno. :LC84E0074/99 SHIPPINGADVICE

To DalianWeidaTradingCo.,Ltd.
No.10YunmingRoad
XigangDistrict
Dalian

China

From DelingTradebv
P.O.Box100
3700GCBunsten
Holland Commodity DEMINERALIZEDWHEYPOWDER Packing
conditions AscalledforbytheL/C

476025kgin4-plypapersackswithinnerpolyethylenelinerandbigbagsin7x20’containers

Quantity 119.00Mt Grossweight 121380kgs Netweight 119000kgs Totalvalue USD1118860.00 Pleasebeinformedthatthesegoodshavebeenshippedfrom
RotterdamtoDalianwithmvSeaNordicaandLindoeMaersk.
ShipmentdateSeptember15,1999. B/Lno. SEAU871107101 Weherewithcertifythismessagetobetrueandcorrect. DelingTradebv
asbeneficiary Bunsten,September17,1999


样本

□提货单(DeliveryOrder)

进口商(收货人)在货物到达目的地后,凭海运提单等运输单据向承运人的代理人换取的提货凭证,用于办理进口报关、提货等手续。

青岛中远集装箱船务代理有限公司
COSCOQINGDAOCONTAINERSHIPPINGAGENCYCO.,LTD.

提货单
DELIVERYORDER

______地区、场、站
收货人/通知方: SAMEASCONSIGNEE
TOORDEROFQINGDAOMATSUDA ____年___月___日

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